Organization development is an attempt to persuade members of an organization to be more open with one another about their perspectives on the organization and their experiences. It is also meant to accept greater responsibility for their own actions as members of the organization. The premise underlying organizational development is that by pursuing both of these goals at the same time. Individuals are likely to discover new methods of working together that they perceive to be more effective in attaining their individual and shared organizational goals.
Organizational Development interventions are the building blocks, which are planned actions aimed at improving the operation of an organization via the engagement of its people. A PhD Dissertation has also reflected that individual, group, and organizational levels should all be included in the intervention.
Why Is Organizational Development Important?
The goal of organizational development is to concentrate and improve an organization’s effectiveness and production. Its primary goal is to improve workplace productivity. The organizational development process begins with the emergence and identification of problems inside the company, as well as their resolution. It is a circular process that only ends when the intended outcome is achieved. No one can select which organizational development strategy is the best for solving the problem. It’s a more trial-and-error method.
Organizations are confronting unprecedented changes and difficulties today. As soon as one problem is identified and handled, another one appears. It might feel like peeling off layers of an onion at times. Despite efforts to assess and fix the client’s problem, the cycle continues. Many businesses believe that recurrent issues are unavoidable in today’s highly heated and competitive climate.
Most Common Organizational Development Interventions
By comparing organizational development to medical science, we may better comprehend its functions. In the realm of medicine, clinicians mostly depend on empirical research to treat symptoms. Physicians analyse the problem first, then treat it and wait for the results.
If the symptom disappears, the treatment is regarded as effective and appropriate; otherwise, another course of action is taken. Though treating one condition does not rule out the possibility of additional problems striking the patient. However, treating one or more diseases is necessary for a happier and healthier life. Here are some of the most common organizational development interventions that are proven to be the most effective ones:
Sensitivity Training Or T-Groups
The goal of sensitivity training sessions, also known as T-groups, is to influence people’s behaviour through unstructured group interaction. Members, usually ten to fifteen people, are brought together in a relaxed and open atmosphere away from their workplaces. Eventually, they may openly discuss themselves with the help of a facilitator. There is no official agenda offered. The T-groups’ goals are to enhance participants’ awareness of their own behaviour. It also covers things like how others see you, increased sensitivity to other people’s behaviour, and a better grasp of group dynamics.
The Role-Playing Strategy
Role-playing is a strategy for generating a real-life situation, generally, one involving interpersonal conflict. After that, they have members of a group act out the parts or roles of certain personalities. It is mostly utilized in the industry as a strategy for changing or improving attitudes and interpersonal skills. Two trainees, for example, may act as a superior and a subordinate to address the latter’s concerns. The goal of role-playing is to help trainees comprehend specific business challenges and to allow observers to assess how they are handled. Human relations and sales training are two areas where role-playing is commonly employed. This approach teaches trainees to be self-aware, creative, and critical of their own actions.
Grid Organizational Development Strategy
Grid organizational growth is based on Blake and Mouton’s management Grid leadership paradigm. Their model shows two common issues that may be addressed in any organization: productivity and people. Some managers care more about productivity than about people, while others care more about people than about productivity. The Managerial Grid emphasizes the significance of creating a team-management leadership style. In addition to supporting managers in assessing their concern for proper and productive management.
Organizational Redesign Strategies
By changing the flow of authority, the organization’s structure may be altered to make it more efficient. It’s also feasible to change functional responsibilities, such as moving from a product to a matrix organisational structure. The top executive’s personal preferences, needs, and beliefs are frequently reflected in the organization’s structure. People may be concerned about their power or position, or how the change will affect their workgroups. Therefore, changing the structure may generate resistance and anxiety.
Job Enrichment Is Very Effective
Job enrichment entails raising the dollar value of a job or consciously upgrading the level of responsibility, breadth, and difficulty in the workplace. It proposes that employment be reformed so that doing the work provides intrinsic happiness. In its finest implementation. Job enrichment is a motivating strategy that emphasizes the importance of doing work that is both hard and entertaining. It leads to vertically improved work by incorporating functions from different organizational levels, increasing diversity and challenge while also providing employees with autonomy and pride.
At this point, the action is carried out and the progress is reviewed; organizational members might be involved. The implementation necessitates a high degree of participant enthusiasm and inventiveness. Participants must have a firm grasp on the change process and their role in it at each level. For the process to be effective, accountability and relevant feedback must be encouraged. Pilot studies and data gathering can be used to conduct evaluations. The fact that this sector might be unclear for managers is a hindrance to organizational development. The human resources department is primarily concerned with people and how to effectively utilize them for the benefit of a business.
This is where human resources experts have an advantage in terms of organizational development knowledge. Researchers have shown in a PhD dissertation that organizational development is primarily focused on aiding a company in executing its plan to its full potential. This is accomplished through the utilization and optimization of human resources. As can be shown, having an understanding of organizational development allows the HR department to improve. Improvements among employees will lead to improvements throughout the company.